De Género a Cuerpo: Una Reconceptualización y sus Implicaciones Para la Interpretación Arqueológica

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Intersecciones en antropología

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In this article, some of the original objectives and influences, as well as the current state of the archaeology of gender, are outlined. Although the principal exponents of the archaeology of gender self-consciously established a close link to feminism and social critique, there is another current that would like to separate the study of gender from feminist political goals. Nonetheless, within both camps (feminists and non-feminists) there are limitations with the concept of gender and the supposedly 'scientific' objectives adopted in the majority of work that uses gender as part of the analysis. As a consequence, there is a need to adopt alternative feminist theory in archaeology. This article is a basic introduction to an alternative literature the work of the sexual difference feminists and queer theory - in which their ideas concerning sex/gender and the consequent implications for archaeological studies is explored. It is concluded that these sources of theory are necessary for a critical study of the relationship between material culture, sex/gender and bodies. It becomes clear that the material things that surround us do not merely reflect fixed and innate categories, but rather they are intimately bound up in the production and maintenance of inherently unstable and changeable categories and identities..