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This study was designed to help identify the reason why student-athletes are often perceived as "dumb jocks." Participants were 132 college students, of whom 95 were women. Participants were randomly assigned to read one of four scenarios depicting a student athlete or non-athlete with high or low career maturity. Students were asked to rate the academic performance of scenario characters and were also asked to report their own career goals, likelihood of engaging in career exploration activities, and demographic information. Differences in perceived academic performance of the characters emerged based on career matuity, but not athletic participation. Self reported differences in career goals did not exist between upper and lower class students, but they did exist between those with high GPA and those with low GPA.