Document Type



This study was conducted to investigate the impact of social and family influences on the initiation of smoking, as well as attitudes towards smoking restrictions. A sample of 86 primarily Caucasian students, 53 being non-smokers, was presented with scenarios depicting either an administrative imposed or student group imposed policy on student smoking restrictions. Questionnaires assessed attitudes towards the scenario policies, personal and perceived reasons for smoking, and need for social approval. Results indicated that smokers had more negative reactions to smoking restrictions than non-smokers. However, the imposer of smoking restrictions, administration or student groups, did not influence the attitudes of both smokers and non-smokers. Results also showed that smokers had a larger number of social and family influences toward smoking behaviors than non-smokers. This study provided additional evidence that social and family influences do impact and promote the smoking behaviors of young adults.