This experiment was designed to investigate differences in the perceptions of male models based on their race and the presence or absence of eyeglasses. Participants were 39 men and 73 women. Participants randomly received sealed questionnaire packets containing a three part survey and one of eight pictures depicting a White or Black male with or without eyeglasses. Contrary to expectations, model race overall did not affect the assessments of intelligence. The presence of eyeglasses did impact these assessments. Overall, glasses wearers were rated as higher in intelligence than non-glasses wearers. Additionally, Black eyeglass wearers were rated more positively than Whites. The findings support past research indicating that first perceptions are largely based on surface traits and often take the form of negative biases or stereotypes.
Swift, William J.
"Frames of Minds: Perceptions of Intelligence as Influenced by Race and the Wearing of Eyeglasses,"
FSU Journal of Behavioral Sciences: Vol. 1
, Article 1.
Available at: https://digitalcommons.framingham.edu/journal_of_behavioral_sciences/vol1/iss1/1