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Document Type

Article

Abstract

Men and women college students completed survey packets assessing academic performance and grade-related attributions. Within each packet was one of nine scenarios in which anticipated and received exam grades were manipulated. Ratings demonstrate consistent externalizing of performance-related exam blame when received grades deviated negatively from expected grades. Internalization was only evident when received grades were high, regardless of anticipated exam grades. Support for the self-serving bias is clear.

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