Volunteers (n=120) were randomly assigned to one of two free-recall memory tasks. One task included 25 concrete words and the other 25 abstract words of similar familiarity. Words within the tasks were presented individually on index cards for five seconds each. As hypothesized, women recalled more words and reported using a larger variety of recall strategies than did men. However, men required less time to recall the words they remembered. Also as expected, a larger number of concrete words were recalled than abstract words. These results confirm past findings and provide positive support for the saying, “slow and steady wins the race.”
Bowen, Kate and Vicino, Julie
"The Facilitating Effects of Word Imagery on Word Recall for Men and Women,"
FSU Journal of Behavioral Sciences:
1, Article 3.
Available at: http://digitalcommons.framingham.edu/journal_of_behavioral_sciences/vol1/iss1/3